In India, The first education policy was in 1968, introduced by the administration under Mrs. Indira Gandhi. This was replaced by the National education policy in 1986, by her child Mr. Rajiv Gandhi who was Prime Minister around then.
A few years later in 1992, it was somewhat altered again by Prime Minister P V Narasimha Rao. Furthermore, presently in 2020, approximately three decades later, a new education policy 2020 with drastic changes has been brought in by the ruling government.
The details of the policy were released to the nation after cabinet approval on 29th June. It was said that this National Education Policy or NEP 2020, would be a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country.
The NEP emphasizes on ensuring universal access to school education at all levels i.e. from pre-school to secondary.
Further, the earlier structure of ‘10+2’ has been replaced by a ‘5+3+3+4’ curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
This will bring the hidden talent age group of 3-6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for development of mental faculties of a child.
- The student will get practical knowledge instead of only bookish knowledge.
- There would be extracurricular activities and the latest technologies that will be introduced by the school level students’ level itself.
- The students have their own choice of interest in which subject they want to study, but the students need guidance which the college/ university or the parents need to do.
- This new policy would help the system to compete for the international system with knowledge, tools and technologies, and many more.
- The education will help the students to be creative and think adequately.
- The students would understand the logic behind the students and would enjoy learning new and different things.
To develop important skills in students, important subjects will be introduced at all levels.
This will enable students to become good, successful, innovative, adaptable, and productive human beings with respect to today’s rapidly changing world.
- Artificial Intelligence
- Holistic health
- Environment education
- Organic living
- Global citizenship education
- Design thinking